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Saudi Arabia camel carvings dated to prehistoric era

Saudi Arabia camel carvings dated to prehistoric era

image source, AFP
image captionErosion has eaten away at the work, adding to the challenge of studying them

A series of camel sculptures carved into rock faces in Saudi Arabia are likely to be the oldest large-scale animal reliefs in the world, a study says.

When the carvings were first discovered in 2018, researchers estimated they were created about 2,000 years ago.

This was based on their similarity to reliefs at Jordan’s famous ancient city of Petra.

But a fresh study puts the camels at between 7,000-8,000 old.

Precisely ageing rock sculptures is a challenge for researchers. Unlike cave paintings, say, there is often no organic matter to sample. Rock art of this size is also rare in the region.

More ancient discoveries:

The researchers, who published their findings in the Journal of Archaeological Science, assessed erosion patterns, analysed tool marks, and tested animal bones found at the site to determine a new date for the sculptures’ creation.

Their age makes them even older than such ancient landmarks as Stonehenge (5,000 years old) or the Pyramids at Giza (4,500 years old). They even predate the domestication of camels, a catalyst for economic development in the region.

At the time of their creation, Saudi Arabia looked very different, with plains of grass dotted with lakes rather than the deserts of today.

It is not clear why the camel sculptures were created, but the researchers have suggested that they could have provided a meeting point for nomadic tribes.

They also noted the difficulty of making such works thousands of years ago. Many of the reliefs are high above the ground, meaning their carvers would have had to build scaffolding to create them.

image source, AFP
image captionThe sculptures were first found three years ago in northern Saudi Arabia
image source, AFP
image captionDespite the damage the sculptures retain some intricacy
image source, AFP
image captionThey have been dated to the Neolithic era, the final period of the Stone Age
image source, AFP
image captionSaudi Arabia was then inhabited by hunters and herders
image source, Corbis News
image captionThis small scale, 2D depiction of camels is more typical of the kind found in the region

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