Cancer that looks like a cold!

He added: “When a person is diagnosed with leukemia, the normal production of white blood cells stops and the person’s ability to fight against diseases is destroyed. This disease can affect patients based on different categories.”

The faculty member noted that the involvement of blood-forming cells, especially in the bone marrow, is known as leukemia. Myeloid is divided.

According to the professor of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, two types of leukemia are divided into acute and chronic, so we have four common types of leukemia, including chronic myeloid, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphoid leukemia and acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL, CLL, AML, CML). ) Is.

“Acute and chronic leukemias vary in the spectrum, severity, and rate of progression of the disease,” he said.

The specialist in hematology and oncology described leukemias as noisy diseases and continued: Acute leukemias show specific symptoms within a few days and finally a few weeks.

Shaykh al-Islami said: “Chronic leukemias usually progress gradually, but in the course of the disease, they usually show acute symptoms.”

Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Department of Blood and Oncology, pointed to the most common symptoms of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and added: “In this disease, blood lymphocytes change shape, structure and function and then turn into malignant forms.” .

Shaykh al-Islami continued by emphasizing that acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common type of leukemia in children and under 20 to 25 years of age: The age group of 60 and above is another group that is more vulnerable to this disease than others.

“The general picture of leukemia patients may be similar to that of a cold or an infectious disease. Usually, these symptoms are concomitant and patients do not respond to routine treatments or have a very long illness,” he said. This prolongation of symptoms can be helpful in diagnosing the disease.

He pointed out that leukemia, while impairing the function of white blood cells, causes patients with weakened immune systems: “The risk of infections, especially unusual and opportunistic infections, increases in patients with leukemia.”

Underlying anemia, weakness, paleness, low blood platelets, risk of bleeding diseases, subcutaneous bleeding, nosebleeds or increased menstrual bleeding are some of the symptoms of leukemia that this university faculty member He pointed to it and added: “Enlargement of lymph nodes, spleen and liver is also a sign of the diagnosis of this disease, which can be seen in the initial examinations.”

He added: “Touching the lymph nodes in the axilla, groin or neck can also occur in the early stages of leukemia, although the enlargement of the lymph nodes usually has benign aspects and if it occurs, you must consult your doctor.” Be consulted

He went on to point out the risk factors for leukemia and added: “A known disorder in this cancer has not been identified to date, but it seems that issues such as smoking, genetic history, exposure to toxins and chemicals are the risk of cancer.” Raises blood pressure.

“Depending on whether the disease is acute or chronic, the treatments also vary,” he said, referring to effective treatments for leukemia patients.

He went on to say that in acute cancers, the response to treatment at a young age is much better and more effective: “Treatments are usually a combination, a combination of chemotherapy and in some cases bone marrow transplantation.”

According to the public relations report of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Shaykh al-Islami continued by stating that in chronic leukemias, chemotherapy, oral treatments and in some cases injection therapy are prescribed: In acute leukemias, the treatments are a combination of chemistry. Therapy and bone marrow transplant.

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